The local currency has crossed the ¢7 to one dollar mark on the retail market with less than two months into 2022.
Joy Business checks at some forex bureaus and commercial banks indicate that a dollar is being sold at a little above ¢7 cedis.
Whilst, some forex bureaus and banks are buying a dollar between ¢6.85-¢7, they are selling one dollar for ¢7-¢7.05
The cedi’s predicament has been largely attributed to the uncertainty about Ghana’s fiscal outlook, despite interventions by the Bank of Ghana.
Lack of confidence in the Ghanaian economy by some investors has fueled selling of some of the country’s international bonds, whilst demand for the dollar for imports keeps rising.
Due to this, the cedi has depreciated by a little over 5% to dollar, and still ranks it as the second worst performing currency on the African continent, so far this year.
The situation could compel the Central Bank to introduce additional measures to contain the rapid fall of the local currency, though much work needs to be done by managers of the fiscal economy to reassure investors that revenue will be boosted, whilst the rising debt will be tamed.
Databank Research had said in its 2022 Quarterly Outlook Report that conditions that triggered the depreciation of the cedi in the last quarter of last year will persist until the first half of this year.
“The heightened uncertainty around Ghana’s fiscal outlook worsened the cedi’s woes in late-2021 after a hawkish policy tone in the US triggered a flight-to-safety by foreign portfolio investors in 3rd quarter of 2021. We expect these conditions to persist in half-year 2022 in addition to corporate import demand as Ghana’s economy rebounds. The low prospect of an early-2022 Treasury issuance on the international capital market also exposes the cedi to depreciation pressure in first-half of 2022.
Meanwhile, if the value of the cedi does not improve, then businesses, particularly manufacturers that depends so much on imports for production will have to revise their budgets, whilst prices of some goods on the market will go up because of imported inflation.